BrickMasonry is unified mass obtained by sytematic bonding arrangement of laying bricks and bonding them together with mortar. Brick is a building unit of hard inorganic clay material of a size which canbe conveniently handled. They can be easily arranged in to various shapes for most of the structure, some of the examples are foundations, walls, columns, buttresses, retaining structures, window sills, jambs, corbels, copings, ornamental brickwork, circular brickwork, fire places, flumes, tall chimneys, cavity walls, thresholds, culverts, steps, floors, arches, etc., The strength of brick masonry work depends upon the quality of bricks and type of mortar used.
Mortar is a pasty material formed by the addition of water to a mixture composed of an aggregate (sand) and a binding material (cement or lime) which may be handled with a trowel. The mortar units the individual bricks together. Generally, following types of mortar are in use,
- Mud mortar
- Cement mortar
- Lime mortar
- Cement lime mortar